Libya 1911-2015, Italy surrounded in the middle of the Mediterranean

(To Andrea Pastore)

"The Great Proletarian has moved." Pascoli wrote in his famous 1911 speech, with the aim of celebrating the Italo-Turkish war and the benevolent effects that, according to the great poet, would have fallen on the newborn Italy.

Who knows what he would say today the poet of San Mauro di Romagna on the eve of this new Libyan crisis.

The actors at stake always appear to be the same paradoxes, probably with different weights, but in any case put them to claim rights never obtained, to recriminate over never-ending conflicts.

In 1911, by conquering Libya, Italy irreversibly undermined the balance of the Ottoman Empire, perhaps laying the foundations for what would be the Great War a few years later, at the same time the burning Balkans oscillated between the attempt to become independent , with a series of regional conflicts and the search for agreements within them aimed at creating a Serbian-led Pan Slavic force that could curb the predatory thrusts of cumbersome neighbors such as the Hapsburg Empire and the Ottoman Empire.

Looking at our days, we observe "the petty bourgeois" Italy, not out of a spirit of initiative, but out of a bad management of its role in the Mediterranean region, faced with the choice to move or stand by, while Turkey, no longer Ottoman, tries to carve out a position of regional power through the double role played towards ISIS. 

In fact, if the men of the caliphate are opposed by Ankara, respecting the values ​​of NATO, of which Turkey is a part, on the other hand they are an excellent tool to weaken or even destroy the Kurds, to confiscate petrodollars from the smuggling of crude oil with which the Caliph Al Baghdadi finances his military forces, carve out a hegemonic role to the detriment of the Balkan countries, increasingly torn between the ghosts of the past and the uncertainties of the future, Greece now enveloped in the Trojka network and a Middle East increasingly balance between the Middle Ages and destruction. 

The present as well as the past shows its limits even in London and Paris that do not remain to look beyond their own interests, but like the 1911 militarily finance a bit 'all the parties in the fight, waiting to see who wins to then go to all 'collection.

The current figure compared to a hundred years ago, however, is that in a united Europe there is a creeping pull and spring between Rome and the continental partners who try to break into the areas of Italian national interest at every crisis with the aim of undermining the role of our country in the Mediterranean. The Hapsburg Empire is missing, to say the truth well replaced by the US and Germany, in fact these also have their own military or economic flag ready to wave in the Balkans, in the Middle East and in part of Italy, however, unlike the Austrian imperial power do not have the cultural tools to grasp the subtle political plots of the global scenario, merely trying to impose itself solely as market references, without understanding the depth of international political issues.

In an unchanged team game it is precisely the understanding of the rules of the game and the roles of the players that at the moment appears to be defective.

In such a condition is well placed the Islamic State, a political force that exploits the empty spaces of an international scenario in which in the eyes of the West the particular seems to prevail over the general.

It is imperative that we change direction, that bourgeois or proletarian Italy must move and claim its role, it must be understood that the interests of some international lobbies and the indolence of our local political class cannot prevail over the general interest, otherwise the new problems will move ever further north and the arrival of the "black flags" in the heart of Europe will not be a mere propaganda threat, but a concrete and tangible risk.