Tehran has announced that it will not comply with some terms of the nuclear agreement, signed in April of 2015 with the countries of the 5 + 1 group, or the five countries that have a permanent seat on the UN Security Council (USA, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom) and Germany (Italy, one of the largest trading partners in Europe of Iran, was excluded).
A year after the announcement by the Trump Administration of the withdrawal of the United States of the agreement, Iranian President Rouhani declared that Iran will stop the disposal of enriched uranium and heavy water in addition, if the agreement is not renegotiated more favorably in Tehran, the latter will begin to enrich uranium, a fundamental step in the production of nuclear weapons.
With the reintroduction of economic sanctions, following the American withdrawal from the agreement, Iran has seen its national currency fall to historic lows, the riyal, the inflation rate has quadrupled and many foreign investors have brought their capital abroad.
Despite the commitment of Europe to try to save the agreement and mitigate the effect of sanctions, the United States has applied a principle of extraterritoriality: any company, wherever it has its headquarters, must respect American sanctions, when dollars are used as transaction currency and when the same companies have branches in the United States or are still under American control. In addition, the Pentagon has moved the aircraft carrier to nuclear propulsion Lincoln in the Persian Gulf, with its battle group consisting of two class missile cruisers Ticonderoga, two Aegis class destroyers Arleigh Burke, two SSN class attack submarines Los Angeles plus a support vessel.
National Security Advisor John Bolton said the dispatch of the battle group Lincoln "It is a clear and unmistakable message to the Iranian regime, because every attack against the interests of the United States or those of its allies will receive a response with inexorable force".
Photo: US Navy / US Marine Corps