Defense looks beyond the horizon

(To Tiziano Ciocchetti)

The 29 Defense Innovation Conference was held at the CASD (Centro Alti Studi per la Difesa) in Rome on 30 and 2021 November last. This is the third conference organized during the year by the Defense Innovation Center (CID ) on the theme of technological innovation.

The main theme of the meetings was an open discussion, omnia comprehensive, on Artificial Intelligence (AI), also placing the focus from different perspectives from purely technological ones, such as, for example, the analysis of ethical and legal implications, the new training needs of personnel and the repercussions on the structures of public institutions and private.

As regards the application criteria, the need to revise the concept of polarization (classification of interested parties) and how the usual atropo-centric model is totally displaced by the concept of algorithm was highlighted in the Conferences. It was also clear how much the political-strategic level influences the ethical decision-making process on Artificial Intelligence.

Starting from the paradigm that a system equipped with AI is totally autonomous, the implications on the human community can be declined under many aspects. AI machines must, forcibly, have an impact in terms of liability, always bearing in mind that criminal liability is subjective. Therefore, any malicious use of Artificial Intelligence for war or criminal purposes must be carefully considered.

This leads to the analysis of the possibility of introducing juridical-legal limits to the programming of machines equipped with AI.

Indeed, one could be delineated leadership in a man-machine relationship peer to peer, that is, that it derives the maximum benefit from the human peculiarities and from those of the AI-based machines.

With reference to the concept of leader, systems equipped with AI cannot incorporate specific characteristics of the person (such as courage, ethics) but can represent particularly effective tools for the training of leaders, both as an aid and support to the management of groups and organizations.

The final decision remains al leader, however, the machine equipped with AI can assist in its recruitment by providing the elements on which to base the decision itself.

In the purely defense sector, the Challenge-Amelia Project represents a practical application of the use of AI, in order to satisfy the growing need to adapt training to the challenges of the future. On the one hand, the urgency of having personnel increasingly ready to face present and future threats, on the other hand, the need to adapt the training system to a global mega trend that sees the digitalization of training as an opportunity to be seized.

In fact, to cope with the continuous need for training, a virtual tutor is necessary who can continuously provide educational content / information to the individual in the most appropriate way based on the role, degree, function and learning ability of the individual. Challenge-Amelia is in fact able to evaluate the basic preparation of an individual, thanks to AI algorithms that allow you to have a training experience totally compliant with the needs / predispositions of the individual, able to receive totally personalized and in line with his availability in terms of time, its needs and its own learning characteristics.