The clashes continue in the Donbass: on the one hand the Ukrainian regular forces, on the other the United Armed Forces of Novorossiya, a separatist militia cartel considered a group of terrorists by the Kiev government.
In the area of Avdiivka, a city in the hands of government forces less than 20 km north of Donetsk, the artillery activity knows no rest, while movements of ground troops suggest a recrudescence of operations in the coming days.
All the territory that goes from Peski (west of Donetsk) to Gorlovka (north east) is affected by a redeployment of Ukrainian forces.
Airborne troops of the 80a Brigade and unit of the 79a Air Assault Brigade would have been dislocated as a reinforcement to the 72a Mechanized Brigade of Colonel Sokolov, now fully deployed in the Avdiivka area.
The paratroopers departments deployed in these hours are officially stationed respectively in Lviv under the West Operation Command and in Mykolaiv in southwest Ukraine. As well as the troops of the historic 72a Brigades have however been employed since 2014 in war operations against the pro-Russian forces of the Donbass and boast a great deal of experience on the ground. Together with the 79a and at the 80a Brigade (which currently also has T-80 tanks), other airborne units are also operational throughout the Donbass area: the 25a Brigade (forced to leave Crimea in the 2014) and the 81a Brigade constituted precisely in the 2014 with elements coming from 25a.
The concentration of Ukrainian troops would serve to prevent the penetration of pro-Russian forces west of road 20, along the coal basin that runs alongside Avdiivka on the left side. The eventuality could result in the isolation of entire Ukrainian wards, with the specter of setbacks suffered in 2015.
Beyond the military situation on the ground, the conditions of the civilian population worsen and the flight from areas on the front line begins again. The distribution of light and gas in many urban areas has been interrupted. At the same time, the tone rises between Kiev and Moscow, which mutually accuse each other about the responsibilities of the new escalation.
According to the Kremlin, the Kiev government is forcing its hand to avoid a possible isolation as a result of the election of President Trump. An eventual agreement between Russia and the United States in Eastern Europe would deprive the current Ukrainian leadership of its main political, economic and military sponsor. The clashes would have resumed on the initiative of the Ukrainian paramilitaries supported by the artillery of the regular forces. The bombings in the last 48 hours would have involved Donetsk suburbs, plunging the Ukrainian city back into the horror of war.
Vice versa Kiev accuses Russia of betting on the new American course to continue to arm the separatist rebels of the Donbass and thus have a free hand in eastern Ukraine.
Diplomacy is at work to avoid the reignite of the conflict that in anticipation of the end of winter, could re-explode on a large scale.
The next few hours will be crucial to understand not so much the possible military evolutions as the possible new geopolitical balances.
(photo: Giorgio Bianchi)
On the subject see the online defense reports on Donbass.