Monday 13 May at 21.00 pm "Yemen: Italian experiences (in the field!)"

08/05/24

The conflict in Yemen it has deep roots, which date back to political, social and economic tensions accumulated over decades. The 1994 civil war, which followed the reunification of North and South Yemen, had already shown the country's fragility. In the 2000s, the central government struggled to maintain control, while local groups, such as the Houthi rebels, began to gain power. Furthermore, the influence of Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) has contributed to further fueling instability.

In 2011, mass protests against the regime of President Ali Abdullah Saleh culminated in the resignation and installation of a transitional government led by Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi. However, the fragility of the new government allowed the "rebels" Houthi to take control of the capital Sana'a in 2014.

This situation led to a conflict on a national scale, becoming a real regional battlefield. In 2015, Saudi Arabia and its allies intervened to support the internationally recognized government, while Houthi, supported by Iran, consolidated their control over a large portion of the country.

This dynamic has fueled regional tensions and turned Yemen into a terrain of confrontation between rival powers.

Saudi-led coalition airstrikes, Houthi incursions and rising tensions along the Red Sea coast have added further complexity to an already devastating conflict. Attacks on commercial vessels in the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden have raised global maritime security concerns, further increasing tensions in the region.

In Italy, how much do we know about Yemen?

Is the reality on the ground of the warring factions the one we (briefly) know or is it more complex?

Given the economic consequences of the attacks in the Red Sea, it can be ignored or approached lightly?

On Monday 13 May at 21.00 pm we will deepen our knowledge of Yemen thanks to the testimonies of two fellow citizens: the amb. Mario Boffo (Italian ambassador to Yemen from 2005 to 2010 and to Saudi Arabia from 2013 to 2016) and Andrew Constantine (Italian entrepreneur with long experience - direct and indirect - in the area).

See you there!

Photo: IRNA