29 OCTOBER 1969: Arpanet is born, today's Internet

(To Alessandro Rugolo)

In 1958, US President DD Eisenhower creates theAdvanced Research Project Agency, the agency of the US Department of Defense for the development of emerging military technologies.

It is from an ARPA project, born with the aim of allowing scientists to exchange information at a distance that is born Arpanet.

In February of the 1967, Bob Taylor succeeded in convincing the then director of ARPA, Charles Herzfeld, to fund a million-dollar packet network project.

The following year, Taylor hired Larry Roberts and the work quickly continued with the input of ideas from other scientists and the American telecommunications industry. In fact, in the 1967 the first Routers are born, then called IMP and then the Modems.

The first packet exchange network was born in the 1968 and the first message was sent by a student of UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles), Charley Kline, to the 22.30 of the October 29 Pacific Standard Time, or to the 06.30 of the second 30 October Greenwich time. The message text was "login".

The first two letters left and arrived at their destination, so the system crashed. About an hour later, after the problem was solved, the entire message was sent: "login".

A few months later, in December, four computers were online (UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, UC Santa Barbara and University of Utah).

Today the Internet counts billions of devices of all types and grows nonstop ...